Alice Hamilton, MD1893

Alice Hamilton
1893 U-M student portrait by Gibson of Ann Arbor, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan

When Hamilton lived with social reformers in a poor Chicago community, she became aware of her neighbors’ occupational injuries and illnesses. She then began publishing benchmark studies on industrial hygiene and toxicology. The first woman on the Harvard faculty, Hamilton’s contributions were commemorated by a 1995 postal stamp.

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